Dua Upon Entering Home In Arabic
بِسْـمِ اللّهِ وَلَجْنـَا، وَبِسْـمِ اللّهِ خَـرَجْنـَا، وَعَلَـى رَبِّنـَا تَوَكّلْـنَا
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Dua Upon Entering Home In English Transcription
Bismil-lahi walajna, wabismil-lahi kharajna, waAAala rabbina tawakkalna
Dua Upon Entering Home In English
In the name of Allah we enter and in the name of Allah we leave, and upon our Lord we place our trust.
Abu Dawud 4:325
Supplication (duaa) upon entering the house
I hope that you can give us some advice on adhkaar to recite upon entering the house, because Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) has classified as a da’eef (weak) the widespread hadeeth that must be done to enter the house, according to which the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a man enters his house, let him say,” O Allah, I ask you … ” , greet his family with salaam. At the same time, Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah be merciful to him) classified it as hash. So, if anyone follows Shaykh al-Albaani’s point of view regarding this hadeeth, what should he say when entering his house? Is it enough to say only Basmalah [“Bismillah ir-Rahmaan ir-Raheem – In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Merciful”]?
Praise be to Allah.
Abu Daawood (5096) related via Shurayh ibn Ubayd, of Abu Maalik al-Ash’ari, who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “When a man enters his house, let him say: ‘O Allah, I ask you for good on entering and leaving. In the name of Allah, we enter and in the name of Allah, we go out, and in Allah, our Lord, we put our trust, “and then we let him greet his family.” This hadeeth is da’ef (weak), because of the interruption (in the chain of narration) between Shurayh ibn Ubayd and Abu Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him).
Abu Haatim said:
The link “Shurayh ibn ‘Ubayd from Abu Maalik al-Ash’ ari” means that the report is mural. At-Tahdheeb (4/329). Shaykh al-Albaani had previously called this hadeeth of sahhe, but when it became clear that the chain of narration had been interrupted, he considered it a daef, as he said (may Allaah have mercy on him) : I had recounted this hadith in as-Saheehah (# 225), but one of my students – rewarded by Allah – drew my attention to the fact that there was an interruption in his narration chain between Shurayh and Abu Maalik. And I noticed the same problem in another hadeeth which I quoted as corroborating evidence for the hadith quoted in as-Saheehah (no. 1502).
Glory to him who does not deceive and forget; I ask Allah, be exalted, to forgive me in this world or in the other. To support this, let us quote the words of Ibn Abi Haatim in al-Maraaseel (p.60-61), told by his father: Shurayh ibn ‘Ubayd al-Hadrami did not meet Abu Umaamah or al-Haarith ibn al-Haarith or al-Miqdaam; his report of Abu Maalik al-Ash ‘ari is mursal. This was confirmed by al-Allaa’i in Jaami ‘at-Tahseel (237/238).
Muhammad ibn ‘Awf’ said something similar to the one who asked him if Shurayh had heard the hadeeth [directly] of one of the Companions of the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him). He said: I do not think so, because he does not say in any of his reports “I heard”. But he is thiqah (trustworthy), as it is said in at-Tahdheeb. End of the quote by Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth ad-Da’efah (12 / 731-732).
Nevertheless, the hadith has been classified as hasan by many scholars, such as Ibn Muflih in al-Aadaab ash-Shar’iyyah (1/400) and Shaykh Ibn Baaz in his Fataawa (26/35).
So, if anyone accepts the verdict of the scholars who called it hasan and act accordingly, it should not be criticized, because the classification of such hadith as sahee or da’eef is the affair of ijtihad , and scholars have declared both points of view.
with regard to this, even if in this case it is very likely that the hadith is da’eef. The same is true if someone acts on this hadith on the grounds that his weakness is not serious or because the text of this hadith is referred to in another hadith which speaks of the virtue of remembering Allah entering the house.
See answer to question no. 44877.
What is proved in the Sunnah and in the opinion of scholars is that when entering the house, it is necessary to mention the name of Allah, to remember Allah and to greet Salam, even if he does not there is nobody in the house.
An-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) says: It is the mustahabb to say Bismillah when entering the house and to remember Allah, that he is exalted, and to greet Salam, whether there are or not humans in the house, for Allah, that He is exalted, says (interpretation of meaning): “But when you enter houses, give yourself vows of peace – blessed and good wishes of Allah” [an-Noor 24:61].
End of the quote from Al-Adhkaar (page 23). In al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (8/92), it says: Many fuqahaa ‘members agree that bismillah is prescribed at the beginning of every important issue, whether it is an act of worship or something else. End quote.
See also: Tafseer Ibn Katheer (1/120). Muslim recounted in his Sahih (2018) from Jaabir ibn ‘Abdillah that he had heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “When a man enters his house and mentions Allah when he comes in and eats, the Shaytaan says, “You have no place to sleep or dine.
” But if he enters and does not mention Allah when he comes in, the Shaytaan says, “You have found a place to stay.” And if he does not mention Allah when he eats, he says, “You have found a place to stay and have dinner.
” Al-Qaari told Mirqaat al-Mafaateeh (7/2693):
Al-Qaadi said: He [the Shaytaan] is addressing his assistants and saying: you will have no chance or share this evening with the people of this house, because they have protected themselves and protected you from their food. What this means is that the Shaytaan has only one opportunity to enjoy a person at times of carelessness, when he forgets to remember the Most Merciful. But if a person is alert and prudent and remembers Allah in all situations, then Shaytan will have no way to tempt or deceive him, and he gives up all hope of doing so. End quote.
For more information, please see answers to questions no. 20818 and 77208. And Allah knows better.