Dua When beginning the Fast- Seher

Dua When Beginning The Fast- Seher In Arabic

وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ

 

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Dua When Beginning The Fast- Seher In English Transcription

Wa bisawmi ghadinn nawaiytu min shahri ramadan

Dua When Beginning The Fast- Seher In English

I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan

Abu Dawud

Unfounded objection to the idea that quitting before the Fajr is an innovation (bid’ah)

Question
Referring to question 12602, you indicated that stopping eating about 5 minutes before fajr (during fasting) is a form of bid’ah. I found the following hadith in Bukhari: Anas said, Zaid bin Thabit said, “We took the sahoor with the Prophet (saw), and then he got up to pray.” I asked, “What was the interval between the sahoor and the adhan?” He replied “the interval was enough to recite fifty verses from the Qur’an”. Chapter 13, 3: 144. Reciting 50 verses should take about 5 to 10 minutes or more. So, how is it that a bid’ah stops eating 5 minutes before the fajr?
Reply

Praise be to Allah.
An-Bukhaari (1921) told Anas that Zayd ibn Thaabit had said: “We ate suhoor with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then he got up to pray.” I [Anas] said, “How long was there between adhaan and suhoor?” He said, “As long as you have to recite fifty verses.”

This hadeeth indicates that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ate suhoor as long before the adhaan, and not that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had begun to fast and had ceased to eat and drink this amount of time before the Fajr. There is a difference between the moment of suhoor and the moment when one stops eating and drinking. This is clear, praise to Allah. It’s like saying, “I ate suhoor two hours before Fajr.” This does not mean that you started fasting from that moment, but you are just saying what time you ate suhoor.

What can be understood from the hadith of Zayd ibn Thaabit (may Allah be pleased with him) is that it is a mustahabb to delay the suhoor and it is not a duty to stop eating and drink long before Fajr.

Allah has allowed those who intend to fast to eat and drink until they are certain that dawn has come. Allah says (interpretation of meaning):

“And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn seems to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of the night), then complete your Sawm (fast) until nightfall”

[al-Baqarah 2: 187]

It is therefore permissible to have sex, to eat and drink during the nights of Ramadan, from the beginning of the night until dawn, then we are commanded to end the fast until the night.

According to Abu Bakr al-Jassaas in Ahkaam al-Qur’an, 1/265.

Al-Bukhaari (1919) and Muslim (1092) told Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that Bilaal used to give adhaan at night and the messenger of Allah (peace and blessings from Allah on him). said, ‘Eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktoom gives adhaan, for he will not give it until dawn comes.’

https://islamsciences.com/duas/dua-strengthen-your-imaan/

Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo ‘(6/406):

Our companions and other specialists agree that the suhoor is the sunna and that it is better to delay it. The proof of all this is the Sahih ahadith. And because suhoor and delaying the suhoor helps to be fast and they involve being different from the kuffaar. Moreover, the time of fasting is the day, so it is useless to delay iftaar or abstain from eating suhoor at the end of the night.

The Standing Committee (10/284) was questioned: I have read in some tafsers that the fasting person should stop eating and drinking 20 minutes before the adhaan of Fajr, which is described as being on the side of the security. How long does it take to stop eating and drinking and adhaan from Fajr to Ramadan? What is the decision on whoever hears the muezzin say “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (prayer is better than sleeping)” and he says can still drink so long

as the adhaan is still going on. Is it correct?

They replied:

The basic principle of when fasting should stop eating and drinking and must break the fast is the verse in which Allah says (interpretation of meaning):

“And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn seems to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of the night), then complete your Sawm (fast) until nightfall”

[al-Baqarah 2: 187]

It is permissible to eat and drink until dawn, which is the thread of white light that Allah has created for a short time, when it is permissible to eat and drink. At the dawn of the second dawn, it is forbidden to eat, drink and do other things that break the fast. Anyone who drinks on the adhaan for Fajr, if the adhaan comes after the second dawn, he must catch up, but if it was before dawn, he does not have to be reconciled.

Sheikh Ibn Baaz was questioned about the fact that it was time to stop eating and drinking about fifteen minutes before Fajr. He has answered:

I know of no basis for this, but the Qur’an and the Sunnah indicate rather that we should stop eating and drinking at dawn, because Allah says (interpretation of meaning):

“And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn seems to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of the night), then complete your Sawm (fast) until nightfall”

[al-Baqarah 2: 187]

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Dawn is of two types: a dawn when it becomes forbidden to eat and a permission to pray, and a dawn when one should not pray [ namely, the prayer of Fajr] and it is permissible to eat. “Narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah and al-Haakim, who classified him as sahee to Buloogh al-Maraam. And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Bilaal gives adhaan at night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktoom gives the call to prayer.” The narrator says: Ibn Umm Maktoom was a blind man did not start the call to prayer until someone said to him: “The morning has come, the morning has come”. “Sahih – okay.

Majmoo ‘Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 15/281.

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