Pillars, Waajibaat and Sunan of The Prayer

Question

Assalamualaikum warahmatullahe wabarakatahuMy question is that if we leave any rukn in namaj as forgot to rafulyadain to a place, forgot to sit after 2nd rekah, forgot to recite dua and finally we do sajda e sahu 2 prostration my salah will be Does it valid or not?

Answer

Perfect praise to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is no other worthy worship than Allah, and that Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam (may Allah extol his mention) is his slave and his messenger.
First of all, it is important – my brother-in-law – to know the pillars, the Waajibaat (obligations) and the desirable acts of prayer and to differentiate them.
Then you must know what can only be constituted by the prostration for forgetfulness and that prostration by forgetfulness is not enough for that. None of what you mentioned in the question is in the pillars of prayer.
The raising of hands in prayer is not a pillar but a desirable act. Likewise, sitting for the first Tashahhud is not a pillar, but rather a Waajib that is compensated by prostration for loss of memory if the person who prays neglects it.
The supplications provided by law in prayer are also not a pillar, but some of them are Waajibaat, such as Tasbeeh to Rukoo ‘(reverse position) and Sujood (prostration) – according to some scholars – and others supplications are desirable.

The pillars of prayer are:

1) have the intention.
2) Takbeeratul-Ihraam (the Takbeer to start the prayer).
3) Standing to perform the prayer (required).
4) Recite Al-Faatihah (the opening chapter of the Qur’an)
5) Rukoo ‘.
6) From Rukoo ‘.
7) Sujood.
8) Sitting between the two prostrations.
9) Sitting for the last Tashahhud.
10) Recite the last Tashahhud.
11) Ibraahimic supplication after (after Tashahhud).
12) Observe Tuma’neenah (be calm and at ease) in all the above acts.
13) Saying Salaam (at the conclusion of the prayer).
14) Observe the order (sequence) between the pillars.
In addition to these pillars, there are two categories:
1- Waajibaat.
2- The Sunan (recommended acts).

This categorization is the opinion of the Hanafi and Hanbali jurisprudence schools, but there are some differences in the definition of some Waajibaat and Sunan. Below is the view of Hanbali School. The Waajibaat are:
1. The Takbeer when moving from one position to another in the place that suits him, that is to say between starting to move from one action to another and complete the movement.
2. Say Sami’a Allahu liman Hamidah (Allah responds to the one who praises him) while standing up from the Rukoo ‘. It is a Waajib on the Imam and people who pray individually, but not on the person who prays behind the Imam.
3. Tahmeed: which is the following saying: Rabbana walakal-hamdu (Our Lord, for all praise for you) after coming out of the Rukoo ‘. It is a Waajib on the Imam, the person who prays behind the Imam and the person who prays individually.
4. Tasbeeh in Rukoo’s position: this is the following saying: Subhaana rabbiyal-‘Atheem (The Lord is perfect, the Supreme).
5. Tasbeeh when he prostrates himself, as they say: Subhaana rabbiyal-a’la (The Lord is perfect, the Most High).
6. The saying: “Rabbigh-fir Lee” (My Lord, forgive me) when I sit between the two prostrations.
7. The first Tashahhud and sat for that.

The difference between the pillar and the obligation in prayer lies in the fact that if the believer abandons the pillar by loss of memory and remembers it, he must (return to his position and) execute it, and then prostrate himself for oblivion. As for the Waajib, he is not obliged (to return to his position and) to perform it if he had passed his place, and can compensate for it by prostrating himself for oblivion.
As for the Sunan of prayer, it is then all actions other than the mentioned pillars and Waajibaat. A person does not need to bow down to forget if she abandons him.

Allah knows best.

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