Question 1: The masjid is in front of the women’s musalla by a road about 12 meters wide. The speakers are fully connected. Is the women’s salah accepted if they follow the Imam even if the room reserved for men is not completely filled? Question 2. What if the distance of 12 meters is increased to 24 meters? Is the women’s salah still valid on their premises even if the men’s room is not completely filled? Question 3. The women’s section has two rooms separated by about 20 meters. The corridor is reserved for women with children. Will the salah be valid in the back room if the room reserved for the sisters of the front is not completely filled? JazakAllahuKhairan, we ask Allah to reward you. Please facilitate the setup of this setup if there is room in sharee’ah, as faculties are limited for women in this city. May Allah bless you.
Perfect praise to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is no other worthy worship than Allah and that Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam (may Allah extol his mention) is his slave and his messenger. Scholars disagree about all the cases you mentioned in the question.
It seems to us that the prayer is valid if it is possible to follow the imam completely by his sound, even if it is done by the loudspeakers, and even if there is a road or a wall, and so next (between them). Ibn Qudaamah may Allah have mercy on him, he says:
“If there is a road between them or a river where the ships sail, or if they were in two separate ships, then there are two points of view: the first point of view is that it is not not valid that those who are in one boat are following in prayer those of the other ship, and this is the view chosen by our companions [ie. the scholars of Hanabli School], and it is also the sight of Abu Haneefah. Indeed, the road is not a place of prayer, so it looks like what prevents the connection.
The second point of view: it is valid (to follow them in prayer), and in my opinion it is the correct opinion. This is also the opinion of Maalik and Ash-Shaafi’i. Indeed, no Islamic text prevents it (from being admissible), there is no consensus on this question and this case is not similar to the scenario that they (the first group) forbid, because this does not do not prevent them (a ship) from being led by others in prayer. The factor that affects this question is something that prevents them from seeing or hearing their voice; this case in not one of these two cases. “[End quote]
The decision becomes even more categorical that being led by them in prayer is valid, when it is necessary, Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah have mercy on him:
“If there is a barrier between them that prevents the sight (of seeing them) and prevents them from going to the other side, there are several points of view according to Ahmad and others. One view is that: it’s allowed. A second point of view is that this is not allowed. A third point of view is that this is allowed in the mosque but not elsewhere. However, another view is that this is allowed when there is a need, but not when there is none. There is no doubt that this is perfectly acceptable when needed, for example when the doors of the mosque are closed or when the Maqsoorah is closed (Maqsoorah: a special place where the Imam and the representatives of the State pray). either an area at the same level surrounded by a fence or walls, or a balcony that is also surrounded by a small wall). Here (in these cases), if to see the Imam is obligatory, it is derogated because of the need; as already discussed. We have already discussed the fact that the obligations of prayer and congregational prayer are lifted if there is a valid excuse and it is better to pray in congregation than to pray alone in all cases. “[End quote] In conclusion, the scenarios mentioned by the questioner are all valid and women can follow [be led in prayer] the Imam on condition that they can follow him through the sound.
Allah knows best.