Dua When placing the deceased in the grave

Dua When Placing The Deceased In The Grave In Arabic

بِسْـمِ اللهِ وَعَلـى سُـنَّةِ رَسـولِ الله


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Dua When Placing The Deceased In The Grave InEnglish Transcription

Bismillaahi wa ‘alaa sunnati Rasoolillaahi

Dua When Placing The Deceased In The Grave In English

With the Name of Allah and according to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah

Ibn Majah: 1550

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Does the deceased hear the greetings of the living?

Death is not the final and total annihilation of man, nor the end of his existence which was created by God. It is one of the most difficult phases of man’s total existence, for it is the moment when the soul leaves the body to live in another realm. As a result, we can understand death as the actualization of the soul leaving the body. Al-Ghazzali said, “The soul leaving the body means that it no longer governs it because the body is no longer under the control of the soul.”

Abu Huraira recounted that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “None of you pass by the grave of a fellow believer whom he knew in this life and sends him greetings, except that the deceased recognize and respond to his greeting. . “After mentioning this hadeeth, al-Manawi added:” Al-Hafidh al-Iraqi said: “The intellection and the response to a salutation are the consequence of life and the return of the soul to the body; there is no objection to the soul partially returning to the body. Some of the great scholars have affirmed that the soul’s attachment to the body is identical to an intoxicating and perpetual love, in that if the soul left the body, love did not leave it immediately, so that soul remained attached to the body. For this reason it is unacceptable to desecrate bones and trample graves. “

It has also been rigorously authenticated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) ordered the burial of the bodies of idolaters killed during the Battle of Badr. He then approached them and called them one by one, saying, “Have you found what your Lord promised to be true? We found what our Lord had promised us to be true. “Why do you speak to lifeless bodies?” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) replied: “By him who sent me with the truth You do not hear my words any better than they can, except they can not answer. “

These textual proofs show that the dead are aware of those who visit them and are satisfied with these visits. It is for this reason that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) has commanded us to send them our greetings. He taught the companions to say as they passed a cemetery: “Peace be upon you, people of the graves, believers and those who submitted to God (Muslims). May God have mercy on those who died first and those who will die later, and we will join you by the will of God. “

Imam al-Nawawi said, “It is good if one who visits a deceased person in his grave approaches him and keeps the same distance he would have kept when he visited him if he had been alive. “

Ibn Taymiyya was asked if the dead could hear the living and he replied, “Yes, the dead listen to the living.” He went on to list the numerous textual evidence supporting this statement. After mentioning the hadith of sending greetings to the dead when visiting their graves, he said: “These are words addressed to them [the dead] and words can only be addressed to those who can hear. “

Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr related that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “None of you will pass the grave of a fellow believer who has known in this life and sends him greetings, except that the deceased recognizes him and responds to his greeting. “

It was also reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Please call my greetings and blessings abundantly on Fridays and on the eve of Friday, as they are communicated to me.” The Companions said, “O messenger of God! How can we send you our prayers and greetings and you will be dead? He said, “God forbade the earth to consume the bodies of the prophets. “

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “God has charged an angel to stand near my grave and to convey to me the prayers and greetings of my community.”

These texts and similar texts clearly indicate that the deceased hears the living, although this is not necessarily continuous. This may be the case under certain conditions, as in the case of the living who can hear the speech addressed to them at certain times but not to others. The hearing of the deceased is by perception “.

Ibn Qayyim said, “The Messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) has enjoined his community that, if they send their greetings to the people of the graves, they do so in the same way as the greetings of the people. alive saying, “Peace be upon you, inhabitants of the believers.” This speech is for those who hear and perceive. Otherwise, it would be like talking to inanimate objects. The pious ancestors agree on this point and the texts relating their deaths to the dead hearing the living and welcoming their visits have reached the level of tawatur (several contiguous channels of transmission leading to the Prophet). “

As is clear from the foregoing, the deceased can hear life and is delighted with the actions of those who visit him. Similarly, it should be clear that death is not the cessation of existence since the soul remains attached to the body after death. We ask God to please the dead who have rights over us by visiting them. May the peace of God be upon them and may God be the highest and the best informed.


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