Dua for repentance

Dua For repentance

Dua For repentance In Arabic – 1

أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الَّذِي لاَ إِلَهَ إلاَّ هُوَ الحَيُّ القَيّوُمُ وأَتُوبُ إِلَيهِ

 

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Dua For repentance In English transcription – 1

Astaghfirullaah alladhee laa ilaaha illaa huwal hayyul qayyoomu wa atoobu ilayhi

Dua For repentance In English – 1

We should say the Dua For repentence with the full intention to have Allah’s mercy and forgiveness. I seek the forgiveness of Allah the Mighty, Whom there is none worthy of worship except Him, the Living, the Eternal, and I repent to Him, Allah will forgive him even if he has deserted the army’s ranks.
Abu Dawud: 1517

Dua For repentance In Arabic – 2

ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبِّي عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْهِ أُنِيبُ

Dua For repentance In English transcription – 2

Dhalikumu Allahu rabbee alayhi tawakkaltu wa-ilayhi uneeb

Dua For repentance In English – 2

(And say O Muhammad SAW to these polytheists:) Such is Allah, my Lord in Whom I put my trust, and to Him I turn in all of my affairs and in repentance.
Surah Ash-Shuraa – 42:10

 

Dua For repentance
Dua For repentance

How to repent in Islam and what is true repentance? How to reach true repentance?

A Muslim’s faith can deteriorate and he can get overwhelmed by his desires. The Shaytan may tempt him to sin, causing him to wrong himself (commit sin) and fall into what Allah has forbidden. But Allah is gracious to His slaves, and His mercy extends to all. Whoever repents after wrongdoing will be accepted by Allah, because Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. The muslim should sat the Dua For repentance regularly. 

“But whomever repents of his crime and performs righteous good actions (by obeying Allah), surely, Allah would pardon him” (accept his repentance). Allah is indeed Forgiving and Merciful. [al-Maidah 5:39 – meaning interpretation]

Allah is Merciful and Generous. He commands everyone of His slaves to repent genuinely in order to obtain Allah’s mercy and His Paradise. (Interpretation of the meaning) Allah says:

“O you who have faith!” Turn to Allah in genuine remorse! It is possible that your Lord will forgive your crimes and admit you to Gardens where rivers flow (Paradise).” (Tahrim 66:8)

 

The path to repentance is always available:

His slaves have access to the gate of repentance till the sun rises in the west. “Allah reaches out His Hand at night to accept the repentance of those who did wrong during the day, and He spreads out His Hand during the day to accept the repentance of those who did wrong during the night,” said the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). (This will be repeated) until the sun rises in the west.” (According to Muslim, no. 2759)

Conditions of repentance in Islam:

Sincere remorse is more than just words pronounced on the tongue. Rather, acceptance of repentance is contingent on the following conditions:

1- The person immediately repents of the sin.

2- that he is sorry for what has happened in the past,

3- that he resolves not to return to the thing for which he has repented,

4- that if his fault includes wrongdoing towards others, he returns people’s rights or property

5- he repents before the agony of death overtakes him (Interpretation of the meaning) Allah says:

“Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.

And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: ‘Now I repent;’ nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment” [al-Nisa 4:17-18] 

Allaah is Merciful and accepts repentance. He exhorts offenders to repentance so that He may pardon them:

“…your Lord has written (prescribed) Mercy for Himself, so that if any of you does evil in ignorance, and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds (by obeying Allah), then surely, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” [al-An’am 6:54 – interpretation of the meaning]. We need Allah’s mercy to gain the paradise and that’s why we need to recite the Dua For repentance every day.

Allah is kind with His slaves and loves those who repent. As Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): He welcomes their repentance.

“And He it is Who accepts repentance from His slaves, and forgives sins, and He knows what you do” [al-Shura 42:25]

 “Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves” [al-Baqarah 2:222] 

Accepting Islam wipes away all past sins:

When a non-Muslim converts to Islam, Allah transforms his bad deeds (sayyiat) into good deeds (hasanat) and forgives all of his prior sins, as He states (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief), their past will be forgiven” [al-Anfal 8:38] 

Allah is Forgiving and Merciful, and He values His servants’ repentance. He tells them to repent so that He can forgive them. However, the devils among humans and the jinn seek to pull people away from the truth and lead them astray, as Allah states (interpretation of the meaning):

“Allah wishes to accept your repentance, but those who follow their lusts, wish that you (believers) should deviate tremendously away (from the Right Path) [al-Nisa 4:27] 

Allah’s Mercy encompasses everything:

Allah’s Mercy permeates everything. If a person’s faults are numerous and he has greatly wronged himself, but he repents, Allah will accept his repentance and pardon his sins, no matter how numerous they are. (Interpretation of the meaning) Allah says:

“Say: O ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” [al-Zumar 39:53] 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Our Lord comes down to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains, and says, ‘Who will call upon Me so that I may answer him? Who will ask Me so that I may give to him? Who will seek My forgiveness so that I may forgive him?’” (Narrated by Muslim, no. 758)

Man is frail. If a person sins, he must always repent and seek forgiveness. Allah is Merciful and Forgiving, and He is the One Who says (interpretation):

“And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful” [al-Nisa 4:110] 

The Muslim is vulnerable to making mistakes and sins. So he has to repent and seek forgiveness repeatedly. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “By Allah, I seek the forgiveness of Allah and I turn to Him in repentance more than seventy times each day.” (Narrated by al-Bukhari, no. 6307) 

Allah loves the repentance of His slaves, and accepts it. Indeed, He rejoices over it, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When a person repents, Allah rejoices more than one of you who found his camel after he lost it in the desert.” (Agreed upon. Narrated by al-Bukhari, no. 6309) 

Five conditions of repentance:

1. To be truthful to Allah
Sincerity is a prerequisite that must be met in all acts of worship. What does Allah Almighty mean?

Though they were not commanded to do so, they did so in order to keep their religion pure and honest to Him alone. (Al-Bayyinah 98:5). Those who recite the Dua For repentance with sincerity, InshaAllah the will gain Allah’s mercy.

2. to be sorry for one’s previous wicked conduct
This signifies that one should feel embarrassed of himself in front of Allah since he has done what he was forbidden to do and ignored what he was told to observe.
3. To stop sinning
If the sin includes a neglected religious duty, like as reciting salah or paying zakah, it should be addressed immediately. However, if the sin concerns a human right, it necessitates absolving oneself of that right. If it is property, it should be returned to its rightful owner; if it is an act of slander or backbiting, the injured person should be forgiven.

4. To make a serious commitment to avoid such sins in the future.
This is required because if a person plans to return to his old sins after displaying repentance whenever feasible, he will not be considered genuine or true in his repentance.

However, if a person really desires to repent but is later overtaken by his own flaws – as previously described – his repentance will not be annulled. He should, however, reaffirm his repentance, demonstrating new repentance for the current wicked action.

5. To demonstrate repentance while it is still viable.
Except in two instances, demonstrating repentance is always valid.

a) Repentance is rendered useless at the time of death. Allah explains what this could signify.

{But there is no repentance for those who continue to do great sins- until, when death approaches one of them, he says: I do, indeed, repent now! Nor is there repentance for those who die while they are disbelievers. For such as these, We have made ready a most painful torment.} (An-Nisa’ 4: 18)

In this sense, Pharaoh’s situation is quite obvious, as when death approached him when he was in the midst of the sea, he remarked,

{I believe that there is no God but the One in whom the Children of Israel have believed.} (Yunus 10: 90)

However, he was then answered, {Now you believe, while before you have truly disobeyed your Lord, and you were ever of those who sowed corruption?} (Yunus 10: 91)

Certainly, Pharaoh’s last minute belief could not avail him in any way.

b) When the sun rises from the West, repentance becomes null and void, and Allah never accepts it. On that day, everyone will confess their faith in Allah, the Creator. Their sudden faith, however, will not benefit them because they have never believed in Him before. In the Ever-Glorious Quran, Allah says what this could mean:

{On a Day when some of the awesome signs of your Lord shall come at the end of time, sudden belief will not benefit a soul that has not believed before, nor a soul that has not earned any good from its belief.} (Al-An`am 6: 158)

Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah’s Apostle said,

“The Hour will not be established until the sun rises from the West: and when the people see it, then whoever on the surface of the earth will have faith, and that is (the time) when belief will be of no benefit to a soul that believed not before.” (Al-Bukhari)

These were the conditions for repentance to be valid and accepted by Allah the Almighty.

 

One final thought:

It is important emphasising here that textual justifications from the Quran, Sunnah, and Muslim scholars’ consensus support the obligation of displaying repentance as follows:

{…But turn all together to God in repentance, O you believers, so that you may be successful.} (An-Nur 24: 31),

{…you shall all seek forgiveness from you Lord. Then repent to Him.} (Hud 11: 3),

{O you who believe! Repent to God with a most sincere repentance.} (At-Tahrim 66: 8) and,

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) saying: “By Allah, I seek Allah’s Forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day.” (Al-Bukhari)

That was the condition of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), whose sins had been pardoned by Allah. What about sinful servants like ourselves, who suffer in the darkness produced by our own evil deeds?

Finally, repentance is a two-step process: first, a person must be able to acknowledge and repent of his or her sins, which Allah promises to pardon. Muslims are expected to recognise their mistakes and weaknesses and seek Allah’s forgiveness.

Forgiveness for one’s misdeeds is not something that comes naturally; it must be sought after with sincerity and real dedication. It is fatal to become apathetic to one’s faults. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is supposed to have said,

“A believer sees his sins as if he were sitting under a mountain that would fall on him; however the wicked person perceives his sins as flies passing over his nose and just chases them away.” In example, Abu Shihab (the sub-narrator) moved his palm over his nose. (Al-Bukhari)

 

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