Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In Arabic – 1
اللهُـمِّ اغْفِـرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْـه ، وَعافِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنْـه ، وَأَكْـرِمْ نُزُلَـه ، وَوَسِّـعْ مُدْخَـلَه ، وَاغْسِلْـهُ بِالْمـاءِ وَالثَّـلْجِ وَالْبَـرَدْ ، وَنَقِّـهِ مِنَ الْخطـايا كَما نَـقّيْتَ الـثَّوْبُ الأَبْيَـضُ مِنَ الدَّنَـسْ ، وَأَبْـدِلْهُ داراً خَـيْراً مِنْ دارِه ، وَأَهْلاً خَـيْراً مِنْ أَهْلِـه ، وَزَوْجَـاً خَـيْراً مِنْ زَوْجِه، وَأَدْخِـلْهُ الْجَـنَّة ، وَأَعِـذْهُ مِنْ عَذابِ القَـبْر وَعَذابِ النّـار
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In English transcription – 1
Allaahum-maghfir lahu warhamhu, wa ‘aafihi, wa’fu ‘anhu, wa ‘akrim nuzulahu, wa wassi’ mudkhalahu, waghsilhu bilmaa’i waththalji walbaradi, wa naqqihi minal-khataayaa kamaa naqqaytath-thawbal-‘abyadha minad-danasi, wa ‘abdilhu daaran khayran min daarihi, wa ‘ahlan khayran min ‘ahlihi, wa zawjan khayran min zawjihi, wa ‘adkhilhul-jannata, wa. ‘a’ithhu min ‘athaabil-qabri[wa ‘athaabin-naar]
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In English – 1
O Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him and give him strength and pardon him. Be generous to him and cause his entrance to be wide and wash him with water and snow and hail. Cleanse him of his transgressions as white cloth is cleansed of stains. Give him an abode better than his home, and a family better than his family and a wife better than his wife. Take him into Paradise and protect him from the punishment of the grave [and from the punishment of Hell-fire].
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In Arabic – 2
اللهُـمِّ اغْفِـرْ لِحَيِّـنا وَمَيِّتِـنا وَشـاهِدِنا ، وَغائِبِـنا ، وَصَغيـرِنا وَكَبيـرِنا ، وَذَكَـرِنا وَأُنْثـانا . اللهُـمِّ مَنْ أَحْيَيْـتَهُ مِنّا فَأَحْيِـهِ عَلى الإِسْلام ،وَمَنْ تَوَفَّـيْتََهُ مِنّا فَتَوَفَّـهُ عَلى الإِيـمان ، اللهُـمِّ لا تَحْـرِمْنـا أَجْـرَه ، وَلا تُضِـلَّنا بَعْـدَهُ
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In English transcription – 2
Allaahum-maghfir lihayyinaa, wa mayyitinaa, wa shaahidinaa, wa ghaa’ibinaa, wa sagheerinaa wa kabeerinaa, wa thakarinaa wa ‘unthaanaa. Allaahumma man ‘ahyaytahu minnaa fa’ahyihi ‘alal-‘Islaami, wa man tawaffaytahu minnaa fatawaffahu ‘alal-‘eemaani, Allaahumma laa tahrimnaa ‘ajrahu wa laa tudhillanaa ba’dahu
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In English – 2
O Allah forgive our living and our dead, those who are with us and those who are absent, our young and our old, our menfolk and our womenfolk. O Allah, whomever you give life from among us give him life in Islam, and whomever you take way from us take him away in Faith. O Allah, do not forbid us their reward and do not send us astray after them.
Abu Dawud: 3201, At-Tirmidhi: 1024
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In Arabic – 3
الَّلهُـمِّ إِنَّ فُلانَ بْنَ فُلانٍ في ذِمَّـتِك ، وَحَبْـلِ جِـوارِك ، فَقِـهِ مِنْ فِتْـنَةِ الْقَـبْرِ وَعَذابِ النّـار ، وَأَنْتَ أَهْلُ الْوَفـاءِ وَالْـحَقِّ ، فَاغْفِـرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْـهُ ، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الغَـفورُ الـرَّحيم
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In English transcription – 3
Allaahumma ‘inna [name the person] fee thimmatika, wa habli jiwaarika, faqihi min fitnatil-qabri wa ‘athaabin-naari, wa ‘Anta ‘ahlul-wafaa’i walhaqqi. Faghfir lahu warhaw.hu ‘innaka ‘Antal-Ghafoorur-Raheem
Dua For the deceased at the funeral prayer In English – 3
O Allah, surely [name the person] is under Your protection, and in the rope of Your security, so save him from the trial of the grave and from the punishment of the Fire. You fulfill promises and grant rights, so forgive him and have mercy on him. Surely You are Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Abu Dawud: 3202, Ibn Majah: 1499
The Funeral Prayer
After washing and wrapping the body in a shroud, the body should be worn where the funeral prayer is to be performed. The funeral prayer takes place in the open air or in a purpose-built place called Janaza Gah. Those present for the funeral service must organize themselves behind the imam.
The number of lines must be odd.
The imam should occupy a position in front of the front row and in the middle, the deceased’s body resting before him. The position of the corpse should be such that the right side of the body is directed towards the Ka’ba. The Imam begins the prayer by saying Allahu Akbar, that is to say; Allah is the greatest, strongest. The followers say the same thing in a low voice. The Imam then recites Thanaa and Surah Fatiha silently. He then says Allahu Akbar without raising his hands. The disciples also say Allahu Akbar, but in a low voice. Then the whole congregation recites Durood in silence. After that, the Imam says Allahu Akbar for the third time audibly and the special prayers for the deceased, as given below, are recited. The Imam then says Allahu Akbar for the fourth time and, turning his face to the right, says Assalamo alaikum wa Rahmatullah, and turning his face to the left repeats the same thing to mark the end of the prayer.
The followers, too, say Assalamo alaikum wa Rahmatullah in a low voice and also turn their faces to the right and to the left.
There is no Ruku or prostration in the funeral prayer. A funeral prayer in absentia may also be offered to a deceased person, especially to personalities or to a case where few Muslims have offered the original funeral prayer. Offering a funeral prayer to a Muslim is mandatory for the body of all Muslims. It’s called Fardh-i-Kifaya. Thus, if only a few people offer the funeral prayer, they are reputed to have done so on behalf of all Muslims. The rest of the Muslim community is thus exempt from the obligation to perform the funeral prayer.
If the deceased is an adult, a man or a woman, the following prayer is recited:
O Allah, forgive our living and our dead and those of us who are present and absent, our young and old, and our males and females. O Allah, those to whom you give life, hold them firm over Islam, and those of us whom you kill, let them die in faith.
Do not deprive us, Allah, of the benefits of the deceased and do not submit to a trial after him. (Ibn Maja Kitabul-Janaiz, page 107 of Bab-ud-Dua-Salati al-Janazah).
The particular prayer for a deceased male child
O Allah make him our precursor, and make him, for us, a reward and a treasure, and make him a litigator for us and accept his pleading.
Particular prayer for a deceased female child
O Allah makes her a precursor, and makes her for us a reward and a treasure, and makes her plead and accept it.
Some things to note about the Funeral Prayer:
There is no Ruku or prostration in the funeral prayer.
The funeral prayer can also be performed in absentia for a deceased person, especially for personalities or when few Muslims have offered the original funeral prayer.
Offering a funeral prayer to a Muslim is mandatory for the body of all Muslims. It’s called Fardh-i-Kifaya. Thus, if only a few people offer the funeral prayer, they are reputed to have done so on behalf of all Muslims. The rest of the Muslim community is thus exempt from the obligation to perform the funeral prayer.
Only one funeral prayer can be performed for several people who died at the same time.
If a body is to be transported a considerable distance before the burial, the funeral prayer must be performed before the beginning of the transport. Several funeral prayers can be performed for the same person, usually at two different places.
Women can participate in funeral prayer. However, when such a prayer is performed in the cemetery, women are generally advised not to accompany the burial ceremony because of their softer heart.
Funeral prayer is not offered to a person who has committed suicide.